St. Luke's Hospital
Main Number: 314-434-1500 Emergency Dept: 314-205-6990 Patient Billing: 888-924-9200
Find a Physician Payment Options Locations & Directions
Follow us on: facebook twitter Mobile Email Page Email Page Print Page Print Page Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size Font Size
America's 50 Best Hospitals
Meet the Doctor
Spirit of Women
Community Health Needs Assessment
Home > Health Information

Multimedia Encyclopedia

    Print-Friendly
    Bookmarks

    Metabolic neuropathies

    Neuropathy - metabolic

    Metabolic neuropathies are nerve disorders that occur with diseases that disrupt the chemical processes in the body.

    See also: Alcoholic neuropathy; Diabetic neuropathy

    Causes

    Nerve damage can be caused by many different things. Metabolic neuropathy may be caused by:

    • A problem with the body's ability to use energy, often due to a nutritional deficiency
    • Dangerous substances (toxins) build up in the body

    Diabetes is one of the most common causes of metabolic neuropathies. People who are at the highest risk of nerve damage from diabetes include:

    • Those with damage to the kidneys or eyes
    • Those with poorly controlled blood sugar

    Other common metabolic causes of neuropathies include:

    • Alcoholism
    • Low blood sugar (hypoglycemia)
    • Kidney failure
    • Porphyria
    • Severe infection throughout the body (sepsis)
    • Thyroid disease
    • Vitamin deficiencies (including vitamins B12, E, and B1)

    Some metabolic disorders are passed down through families (inherited), while others develop due to various diseases.

    Symptoms

    These symptoms occur because nerves cannot send proper signals to and from your brain:

    • Difficulty feeling in any area of the body
    • Difficulty swallowing
    • Difficulty using the arms or hands
    • Difficulty using the legs or feet
    • Difficulty walking
    • Pain, burning, pins and needles, or shooting pains in any area of the body (nerve pain)
    • Weakness in the face, arms, legs, or other area of the body

    Usually, these symptoms start in the toes and feet and move up the legs, eventually affecting the hands and arms.

    Exams and Tests

    An exam may show:

    • Decreased feeling (may affect touch, pain, vibration, or position sensation)
    • Reduced reflexes (most common in the ankle)
    • Muscles becoming smaller (atrophy)
    • Muscle twitches (fasciculations)
    • Muscle weakness
    • Loss of movement (paralysis)

    Tests used to detect most metabolic neuropathies:

    • Blood tests
    • Electrical test of the muscles (EMG)
    • Electrical test of nerve conduction

    Treatment

    For most metabolic neuropathies, the best treatment is to correct the metabolic problem.

    Vitamin deficiencies are treated with diet or injections. Abnormal blood sugar or thyroid function may need medication to correct the problem. Alcoholic neuropathy is treated with alcohol abstinence.

    In some cases, pain is treated with medications that reduce abnormal pain signals from the nerves (duloxetine, gabapentin, pregabalin). Lotions, creams, or medicated patches can provide relief in some cases.

    Clinical trials of new medications include antioxidants, neuroprotectants, insulin-like drugs, and aldose reductase inhibitors.

    Weakness is often treated with physical therapy. You may need to learn how to use a cane or walker if your balance is affected. You may need special braces on the ankles to walk better.

    Support Groups

    For additional information and support, see www.neuropathy.org and http://diabetes.niddk.nih.gov/DM/pubs/neuropathies.

    Outlook (Prognosis)

    The outlook mainly depends on the cause of the disorder. In some cases, the problem can easily be treated. In other cases, the metabolic problem cannot be controlled and nerves may continue to become damaged.

    Possible Complications

    • Deformity
    • Injury to feet
    • Numbness
    • Pain
    • Trouble walking
    • Weakness

    Prevention

    Maintaining a healthy lifestyle can reduce the risk of neuropathy.

    • Avoid excess alcohol use.
    • Eat a balanced diet.
    • Visit the doctor regularly to find metabolic disorders before neuropathy develops.

    If you already have a metabolic problem, regular doctor visits can help control the problem and reduce the chance of further nerve damage.

    Patients who already have metabolic neuropathy can reduce the risk of some complications. A foot doctor (podiatrist) can teach you how to inspect your feet for signs of injury and infection. Proper fitting shoes can lessen the chance of skin breakdown in sensitive areas of the feet.

    References

    Shy ME. Peripheral neuropathies. In: Goldman L, Ausiello D, eds. Cecil Medicine. 23rd ed. Philadelphia, Pa: Saunders Elsevier; 2007:chap 446.

    Montfort EG, Witte A, Ward K.Neuropathic Pain: A Review of Diabetic Neuropathy. US Pharm. 2010;35(5):HS8-HS15.

    BACK TO TOP

    • Central nervous system

      illustration

      • Central nervous system

        illustration

      A Closer Look

        Self Care

          Tests for Metabolic neuropathies

            Review Date: 2/16/2012

            Reviewed By: Luc Jasmin, MD, PhD, Department of Neurosurgery at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, and Department of Anatomy at UCSF, San Francisco, CA. Review provided by VeriMed Healthcare Network. Also reviewed by David Zieve, MD, MHA, Medical Director, A.D.A.M., Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc.

            The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
            adam.com

            A.D.A.M. content is best viewed in IE9 or above, Fire Fox and chrome browser.


            Back  |  Top
            About Us
            Contact Us
            History
            Mission
            Locations & Directions
            Quality Reports
            Annual Reports
            Honors & Awards
            Community Health Needs
            Assessment

            Newsroom
            Services
            Brain & Spine
            Cancer
            Heart
            Maternity
            Orthopedics
            Pulmonary
            Sleep Medicine
            Urgent Care
            Women's Services
            All Services
            Patients & Visitors
            Locations & Directions
            Find a Physician
            Tour St. Luke's
            Patient & Visitor Information
            Contact Us
            Payment Options
            Financial Assistance
            Send a Card
            Mammogram Appointments
            Health Tools
            My Personal Health
            mystlukes
            Spirit of Women
            Health Information & Tools
            Clinical Trials
            Health Risk Assessments
            Employer Programs -
            Passport to Wellness

            Classes & Events
            Classes & Events
            Spirit of Women
            Donate & Volunteer
            Giving Opportunities
            Volunteer
            Physicians & Employees
            For Physicians
            Remote Access
            Medical Residency Information
            Pharmacy Residency Information
            Physician CPOE Training
            Careers
            Careers
            St. Luke's Hospital - 232 South Woods Mill Road - Chesterfield, MO 63017 Main Number: 314-434-1500 Emergency Dept: 314-205-6990 Patient Billing: 888-924-9200
            Copyright © St. Luke's Hospital Website Terms and Conditions  |  Privacy Policy  |  Patient Notice of Privacy Policies PDF Sitemap St. Luke's Mobile