St. Luke's Hospital
Main Number: 314-434-1500 Emergency Dept: 314-205-6990 Patient Billing: 888-924-9200
Find a Physician Payment Options Locations & Directions
Follow us on: facebook twitter Mobile Email Page Email Page Print Page Print Page Increase Font Size Decrease Font Size Font Size
America's 50 Best Hospitals
Meet the Doctor
Spirit of Women
Community Health Needs Assessment
Home > Health Information

Multimedia Encyclopedia

    Print-Friendly
    Bookmarks

    Hypomagnesemia

    Low blood magnesium; Magnesium - low

    Hypomagnesemiais a condition in whichthe amount of magnesium in the blood is lower than normal.

    Causes

    Hypomagnesemia can be caused by:

    • Alcoholism
    • Burns that affect a large area ofthe body
    • Chronic diarrhea
    • Excessive urination (polyuria), such as in uncontrolled diabetes and during recovery from acute kidney failure
    • High blood calcium levels (hypercalcemia)
    • Hyperaldosteronism
    • Malabsorption syndromes, such as celiac disease and inflammatory bowel disease
    • Malnutrition
    • Medications including amphotericin, cisplatin, cyclosporine, diuretics, proton pump inhibitors, and aminoglycoside antibiotics
    • Sweating

    Symptoms

    Common symptoms include:

    • Abnormal eye movements (nystagmus)
    • Convulsions
    • Fatigue
    • Muscle spasms or cramps
    • Muscle weakness
    • Numbness

    Exams and Tests

    Your health care provider will do a physical exam to help determine the cause of your symptoms.

    Tests that may be ordered include an

    • Electrocardiogram (ECG)

    Blood and urine teststhat may be done include:

    • Calcium blood test
    • Comprehensive metabolic panel
    • Magnesium blood test
    • Potassium blood test
    • Urine magnesium test

    Treatment

    Treatment depends on the type of hypomagnesemia and may include:

    • Fluids given through a vein (IV)
    • Magnesium by mouth or through a vein
    • Medication to relieve symptoms

    Outlook (Prognosis)

    The outcome depends on the condition that is causing the problem.

    Possible Complications

    • Cardiac arrest
    • Respiratory arrest
    • Death

    When to Contact a Medical Professional

    Hypomagnesemia can be a life-threatening emergency. Call your health care provider right awayif you have symptoms of this condition.

    Prevention

    Treating the condition that is causing hypomagnesemia can help. If you play sports, drink fluids such as sports drinks,which contain electrolytes. Drinking only water while youare activecan lead to hypomagnesemia.

    References

    Yu ASL. Disorders of magnesium and phosphorous. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman’s Cecil Medicine. 24th ed. Philadelphia, Pa.: Elsevier Saunders; 2011:chap 121.

    BACK TO TOP

          Tests for Hypomagnesemia

            Review Date: 4/14/2013

            Reviewed By: David C. Dugdale, III, MD, Professor of Medicine, Division of General Medicine, Department of Medicine, University of Washington School of Medicine. Also reviewed by A.D.A.M. Health Solutions, Ebix, Inc., Editorial Team: David Zieve, MD, MHA, Bethanne Black, Stephanie Slon, and Nissi Wang.

            The information provided herein should not be used during any medical emergency or for the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. A licensed medical professional should be consulted for diagnosis and treatment of any and all medical conditions. Links to other sites are provided for information only -- they do not constitute endorsements of those other sites. © 1997- A.D.A.M., Inc. Any duplication or distribution of the information contained herein is strictly prohibited.
            adam.com

            A.D.A.M. content is best viewed in IE9 or above, Fire Fox and chrome browser.


            Back  |  Top
            About Us
            Contact Us
            History
            Mission
            Locations & Directions
            Quality Reports
            Annual Reports
            Honors & Awards
            Community Health Needs
            Assessment

            Newsroom
            Services
            Brain & Spine
            Cancer
            Heart
            Maternity
            Orthopedics
            Pulmonary
            Sleep Medicine
            Urgent Care
            Women's Services
            All Services
            Patients & Visitors
            Locations & Directions
            Find a Physician
            Tour St. Luke's
            Patient & Visitor Information
            Contact Us
            Payment Options
            Financial Assistance
            Send a Card
            Mammogram Appointments
            Health Tools
            My Personal Health
            mystlukes
            Spirit of Women
            Health Information & Tools
            Clinical Trials
            Health Risk Assessments
            Employer Programs -
            Passport to Wellness

            Classes & Events
            Classes & Events
            Spirit of Women
            Donate & Volunteer
            Giving Opportunities
            Volunteer
            Physicians & Employees
            For Physicians
            Remote Access
            Medical Residency Information
            Pharmacy Residency Information
            Physician CPOE Training
            Careers
            Careers
            St. Luke's Hospital - 232 South Woods Mill Road - Chesterfield, MO 63017 Main Number: 314-434-1500 Emergency Dept: 314-205-6990 Patient Billing: 888-924-9200
            Copyright © St. Luke's Hospital Website Terms and Conditions  |  Privacy Policy  |  Patient Notice of Privacy Policies PDF Sitemap St. Luke's Mobile